Allocation depends on a prospective ‘match’ between the donor and the potential recipients on the waiting lists. The process also considers the medical urgency a particular person may need a transplant and the length of time they have been on the waiting list for transplantation.
How is it decided who will receive the donated organ?
The determining factors are where and how a person dies, and the condition of their organs and tissues. While your age and medical history will be a factor, you shouldn’t assume you’re too old, too young or not healthy enough to become a donor.
Can you choose who receives your organs?
Yes. When you specify who is to receive your donated organ or organs you are participating in what’s called directed or designated donation. This can be done for both deceased donors and living donors.
Who should receive organ transplants first?
Proper organ size is critical to a successful transplant, which means that children often respond better to child-sized organs. Although pediatric candidates have their own unique scoring system, children essentially are first in line for other children’s organs.
What does it mean to donate organs and or tissues?
Organ and tissue donation is when a person (a donor) donates their organs or tissues to another person (a recipient). Donations allow recipients who have damaged organs or tissues to be replaced through a life-saving medical procedure called a transplant.
How are organs obtained?
Organ donation and transplantation is removing an organ from one person (the donor) and surgically placing it in another (the recipient) whose organ has failed. Organs that can be donated include the liver, kidney, pancreas and heart.
How do I know if I’m an organ donor?
Most states can issue some sort of indicator on your license that says you’re a donor. Each state also has a registry, so you can register online through OrganDonor.Gov if you don’t have a driver’s license or are not sure if you registered as a donor when you got your license.
When can a person donate organ?
Who can be a Donor? Living Donor: Any person not less than 18 years of age, who voluntarily authorizes the removal of any of his organ and/or tissue, during his or her lifetime, as per prevalent medical practices for therapeutic purposes.
What factors should determine who receives an organ?
Factors in organ allocation
- Waiting time.
- Donor/recipient immune system compatibility.
- Prior living donor.
- Distance from donor hospital.
- Survival benefit.
- Pediatric status.
What factors should not determine who receives an organ?
A patient’s age, gender, religion, beauty, income, contribution to society or any other extraneous factor should not be tied to whether they receive an organ, he says.
What are the requirements for a patient to be considered to receive a transplant?
While the specific criteria differ for various organs, matching criteria generally include:
- blood type and size of the organ(s) needed.
- time spent awaiting a transplant.
- the relative distance between donor and recipient.
What are the reasons why people don’t choose to register as an organ donor?
Some perceive the allocation of organ transplants to be unfair, biased in favour of the rich, famous and white. Others worry that signing a donor card may result in doctors making less effort to save their life in the event of an emergency.
Why Should organs be donated?
Organ donation is an opportunity to help others.
Receiving an organ can become a life-changing event for these people. It can also help a family work through the grieving process and deal with their loss by knowing their loved one is helping save the lives of others.
How do transplants work?
When you have an organ transplant, doctors remove an organ from another person and place it in your body. The organ may come from a living donor or a donor who has died. The organs that can be transplanted include: Heart.